While this page is quite long, it is because this area offers so much in outdoor enjoyment.
Most of the incorporated cities in Central Oregon have at least one municipal park that they maintain.
Oregon has quite a few State Parks and the ones listed below are specific to the Central Oregon area. The interactive map on the Oregon State Parks website can lead you to them and others throughout the state as can the Parks Guide.
Oregon has two National Monuments and one jewel of a State Park. Newberry National Volcanic Monument is located just south of Bend. The three units that make up John Day Fossil Beds National Monument can be found east of Prineville. Crater Lake National Park is located 90 miles south of Bend. National Parks & Monuments usually fall under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service, however the Newberry National Volcanic Monument is managed by the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture - Forrest Service.
Oregon has a number of roads that have been recognized as scenic byways and there are a few that are within or close to central Oregon. Most are designated by the U.S. Dept. of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration, though the Journey Through Time Byway falls under the auspices of the Forest Service. The Oregon Scenic Byway Official Driving Guide has details on all of the designated scenic byways within the State.
The U.S. Dept. of the Interior - Bureau of Land Management manages public lands throughout the country. Below are some of suggested areas and sites in and around central Oregon.
The U.S. Dept. of Agriculture - Forrest Service manages the country's National Forests and some of the sites within them. Central Oregon is home to both the Ochoco and Deschutes National Forests and the Mt. Hood, Willamette, Fremont-Winema, Malheur, and Umqua National Forests aren't far away. The Forest Service an interactive visitor map that you can use to virtually explore the area. Or, if you prefer, you can start with some of my own personal favorites from the list below.